Pharmaceutical animal testing. Three-day-old mouse in a container equipped with electrodes for the simultaneous measurement of respiration and cardiac activity. This device enables researchers to examine the normal vital functions of the mouse. This is part of research into medicines for paediatric diseases before they are placed on the market. If the animal's normal state is known then it is possible to tell the exact effects of medicines tested on it. Photographed at the Robert Debre hospital, Paris, France.
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