Oronce Fine's world map, 1531

Oronce Fine's world map, 1531

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Credit: LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, GEOGRAPHY AND MAP DIVISION/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Oronce Fine's world map. Map of the world's northern and southern hemispheres by the French mathematician and cartographer Oronce Fine (1494-1555). Published in 1531 as 'A New and Complete Description of the World', this is a double polar cordiform (heart-shaped) projection. It shows an unknown southern continent, Terra Australis, and excludes most of the Americas. The text box names the publisher (Hermannus Venraed), gives Fine's Latin name (Orontius Fineus), and mentions the Ancient Greek geographers (Ptolemy, Eudoxus, and Eratosthenes), whose accounts Fine had tried to reconcile with the new discoveries being made.

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