Malpighi's Chicken Drawings

Malpighi's Chicken Drawings

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Credit: NYPL/SCIENCE SOURCE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Marcello Malpighi's drawings of a chicken from the 19th day of incubation to hatching. Marcello Malpighi (1628-94) was an Italian biologist and inventor of the microscope. Following the theories of Galileo, Malpighi was the first to build a microscope, slightly ahead of Leeuwenhoek. He was a physician by training, graduating at Bologna in 1653. Malpighi's observations through his microscope were to revolutionize anatomy. He showed a mechanism for the transfer of air into the blood in the lungs, and observed capillary vessels for the first time. This completed the theory of blood circulation advanced by Harvey. After a life of research and lecturing, he spent his last three years as private physician to Pope Innocent XII.

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Keywords: 17th century, art, artwork, chick, chicken, chicken embryo, diagram, drawing, hatch, historic, historical, history, illustration, incubation, malpighi, marcello malpighi, scientific, seventeenth century

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