Photovoltaic cell manufacturing

Photovoltaic cell manufacturing

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Credit: PATRICK LANDMANN/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Photovoltaic cell manufacturing. Silicon wafers in a rack in a fume cupboard, being lifted out of an acid solution that is being used to chemically clean them. The silicon wafers will be made into photovoltaic cells. Photovoltaic cells, the basic components of solar panels, contain silicon, a semiconductor material that can absorb energy from sunlight and convert it into an electrical current. Stages in the manufacturing process include thermal deposition, acid cleaning, infrared annealing, electrode addition, and testing and assembly into solar panel modules.

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