Model of Sputnik 1, first satellite

Model of Sputnik 1, first satellite

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Credit: SPUTNIK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Sputnik 1. Model of Sputnik-1, the first artificial satellite. Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4th, 1957 by the former Soviet Union. The name Sputnik is Russian for 'travel companion' or satellite. The body was a highly polished aluminium alloy sphere which measured 58 centimetres in diameter and weighed 83.5 kilograms. It also had four long antennas attached. Sputnik 1 transmitted radio signals back to earth for a period of 21 days. The success of Sputnik 1 prompted the US government to enter the Space Race with the launch of Explorer-1 four months later. Photographed at the Energia Corporation's Museum of Rockets and Space in Moscow.

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Keywords: 1950s, 1957, 20th century, 4th october 1957, antenna, antennas, artificial, earth, first satellite, historical, history, made, man, manmade, novosti, orbit, radio transmitter, russian, satellite, soviet, space race, spaceflight, sputnik, technological, technology, telecommunications

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