Rocket carrying India's first satellite

Rocket carrying India's first satellite

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Credit: SPUTNIK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: India's first satellite. The nose of the launcher rocket carrying Aryabhata, India's first satellite. Aryabhata was a 1.4 metre diameter satellite, featuring a polyhedral design with 26 sides covered with solar cells. It was launched on 19 April 1975 from the Kapustin Yar site in Russia on a Cosmos-3M rocket into a 563 x 618km orbit with an inclination of 50.8 degrees and an orbital period of 96.3 minutes. It returned data on X-ray astronomy and solar physics for four days, all contact being lost on the fifth day. The satellite re-entered the atmosphere on 11 February 1982.

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Keywords: 3m, aryabhata, astronomy, cone, cosmos-3m, first, india, indian, kapustin yar, kosmos, launch, launcher, nose, novosti, orbit, orbital, orbiting, physics, red, research, rocket, russia, russian, satellite, science, solar, space, square, x-ray, xray

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