Disused hardened aircraft shelter

Disused hardened aircraft shelter

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Credit: SPUTNIK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Hardened aircraft shelter. A disused Hardened Aircraft Shelter (HAS) at a Polish air base. Such shelters were built during the early 1970s to protect fighter and strike aircraft from damage during an air raid. Built of stressed concrete, these shelters could survive a direct hit by a small bomb (about 250kg) or a near miss by one slightly larger. They were also designed to protect the crew from chemical or biological attack and nuclear fallout. Camouflage and covering with grass and trees made them difficult to spot. The development of precision guided bombs toward the end of the 20th century rendered such shelters useless and other techniques of dispersal had to be adopted. Photographed at the Koszalin air base on the Baltic coast, one of the potential sites for a planned US missile defence system.

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Keywords: 20th century, aircraft, airfield, attack, base, biological, bomb, bombproof, camouflage, chemical, cold war, concrete, deception, defence, fallout, grass, hardened, has, hiding, horizontal, koszalin, landscape, missile, novosti, nuclear, poland, polish, proof, protection, safety, shelter

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