Oak-apples caused by gall wasps

Oak-apples caused by gall wasps

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Caption: Oak-apples on an oak tree (Quercus sp.). These pink swellings are galls filled with the larvae of the gall wasp (Biorhiza pallida). Eggs are laid beneath the bark of the oak tree, and secretions from the developing larvae cause the tree's tissues to grow faster than usual. The larvae eat this rapidly-growing tissue as they grow. The eggs are laid in spring, usually in late April, and up to 30 mature gall wasps escape from each gall in summer. Photographed in May in Norfolk, England.

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Keywords: biorhiza pallida, botany, disease, diseases, england, english, gall wasp, galls, insect, may, nature, norfolk, oak apple, oak tree, oak-apples, parasite, parasitic, pathogens, pathology, pest pests, plant, quercus sp., spring

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