Pahoehoe lava. Steam rising as a flow of pahoehoe lava from Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, USA, enters the Pacific Ocean at night. This thick ropy-looking lava may flow at up to 50 kilometres per hour. Pahoehoe lava is a type of basic lava with a low silica content, giving it a low melting point. This means the lava can travel great distances from the crater or vent from which it was issued.
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