Full-size reconstruction of Java Man made by the Dutch anatomist Eugene Dubois (1858-1940). Java Man was named Pithecanthropus erectus, meaning erect ape-man, and later renamed Homo erectus. He was based on hominid fossil remains, including a skull cap and complete femur (thighbone), found in 1898 during excavations lead by Eugene Dubois. They were found in sedimentary deposits at a bend of the Solo river in Central Java, Indonesia. Homo erectus is the most widespread and longest- surviving of all the fossil hominids. Its geographical spread included north and east Africa, Europe, Indonesia and China. It existed from about 1.6 million to 300,000 years ago.
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