Java Man (Sangiran II). Side view of the skullcap of the hominid fossil Homo erectus, previously named Pithecanthropus erectus. This skull specimen is named Sangiran II, found by German palaeontologist Ralph von Koenigswald at Sangiran in Java, Indonesia. In 1938 he described the Sangiran specimens as Pithecanthropus, and it then became known as Java Man. Homo erectus (meaning "erect ape-man) is the most widespread and longest-surviving of all the fossil hominids. Its geographical spread included North and East Africa, Europe, Indonesia and China. It survived from about 1.6 million years ago (East Africa) to 300,000 years ago (China).
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