Sculpting of mammoth ivory. Traditional sculpting by a German woman of the ivory of the woolly mammoth Mammuthus primigenius. A cut segment of mammoth tusk is seen on the table at lower right. Modern grinding and polishing equipment is being used to make craft items, here in the town of Erbach where mammoth ivory has been carved for more than a century. Mammoth ivory and bones were used by stone age (palaeolithic) man to make huts in which to live, as well as hunting impliments. During the upper palaeolithic (45,000-10,000 years ago) mammoths coexisted with humans in great abun- dance, before mammoths became extinct.
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