Disappearing Iraqi marshlands

Disappearing Iraqi marshlands

E600/0096 Rights Managed

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Credit: NASA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Mesopotamia marsh drainage. Image 3 of 3. Coloured Landsat image of drained areas (grey) and marshes (dark red, upper right) around the Tigris (up centre) and Euphrates (along lower centre) rivers. This image was taken in 2000. The marshes straddle the border between Iraq and Iran (which lies east of the Tigris river, at far right). The marshes were systematically drained in the mid- to late 20th century. This was done to provide agricultural land, but also to destroy the habitat of the Shi'a Muslim Marsh Arabs, who were persecuted by the Iraqi ruling Ba'athist Party. For a sequence of images showing the marshes shrinking between 1973 and 2000, see E600/094-096.

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Keywords: 2000, aquatic, arab, drainage, draining, drying, earth observation, ecosystem, environment, euphrates, from space, geography, habitat destruction, imagery, iran, iranian, iraq, iraqi, landsat, marsh, marshland, mesopotamia, mesopotamian, middle east, river, rivers, satellite image, shatt-al-arab, tigris, water

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