Acid rain damaged conifers, Fern Pass, Austria

Acid rain damaged conifers, Fern Pass, Austria

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Credit: TONY CRADDOCK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Acid rain: damage to conifer forest near Fern Pass, Austria. The damage caused to conifers by acid rain is expressed in terms of stunted overall growth, yellowing of needles & premature fall of needles. Acid rain is the lowering of the pH levels (7 is normal) in rainfall by the addition of manmade pollutants into the atmosphere. These include sulphur dioxide & oxides of nitrogen resulting from the burning of fossil fuels. The impact of acidification on soils, plant & animal life & bodies of water is of growing concern.

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Keywords: acid rain, air pollution, atmospheric, environment, environmental, forestry

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