Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) was a French neurologist. He is considered to be the founder of modern neurology. In 1862, he was appointed to the Salpetriere Hospital, Paris, France, later founding its famous neurological clinic. Charcot used observation and autopsies to identify several diseases of the nervous and muscular systems (Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and Charcot's disease are examples). He also studied hysteria, and one of his students was Sigmund Freud. This image is based on a photograph by Eugene Pirou, a Parisian photographer who was active towards the end of the 19th century.
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