Engraving of Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), an Italian astronomer and physicist. Galileo is best known for his work "Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems" in which he opposed the Ptolemic system that the Earth is at the centre of the Universe and supported the Copernican view that the Earth revolved around the Sun. He was brought before the Inquisition on charges of heresy and on June 22nd 1633 was made to recant. Galileo invented the pendulum clock and the thermometer. He also discovered 4 of the 14 satellites of Jupiter using a telescope devised by himself on learning in 1609 that a magnifying tube using lenses had been invented in Holland by Zacharis Janssen. From Great Astronomers by Sir Robert S. Ball, FRS; published by Ibister & Co., London (1895).
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