Galileo, Italian astronomer,being tried for heresy

Galileo, Italian astronomer,being tried for heresy

H407/0198

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Caption

Galileo's trial. Engraving of Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei's trial for heresy by the Roman Catholic Church. Galileo (1564-1642) wrote the Dialogue Concerning the two Chief World Systems (1632) which criticised the Church's doctrine that the Earth was at the centre of the Universe (Ptolemaic cosmology). Galileo was threatened with death and finally renounced his views on 22 June 1633. He was imprisoned in his villa at Arcetri. After his trial he is supposed to have said "Eppur si muove" ("But still it moves"), but this is unlikely. In 1642 the Church refused to bury his body on consecrated ground. His book was banned until 1835 & his conviction was annulled in 1992.

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