John Hunter. Portrait of the Scottish surgeon and anatomist John Hunter (1728-93). Hunter studied surgery under his older brother in London before serving as a surgeon in Portugal during the Seven Years' War. In his A Treatise on the Blood, Inflammation and Gunshot Wounds he wisely argued that bullets lodged in the body should be left alone unless endangering life. His dissections of over 500 species and numerous human cadavers led to important findings on blood circulation, teeth and digestion. Less successful was his work on venereal disease, in which he inoculated himself with gonorrhoea and, inadvertently, syphilis to find out whether they were the same disease.
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