Frederick Lanchester. Portrait of Frederick William Lanchester (1868-1946), British engineer and car pioneer. Lanchester built the first British car in 1895. He set up the Lanchester Engine Company in 1899 and by 1905 it had manufactured over 400 vehicles. He then studied aircraft design and published Aerial Flight (1907- 8). This pioneering book described the boundary layer of still air over an aircraft's surface, induced drag and the dynamics of flight. He also wrote Aircraft in Warfare in 1914, which with its quantitative study of military forces was an early example of operational analysis. He was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1922.
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