Trofim Denisovich Lysenko. Historical portrait of the Soviet biologist Trofim Denisovich Lysenko (1898-1976). He is wearing the Order of Lenin. Born in the Ukraine, he advanced a theory to accelerate food growth during the famines of the 1930s. This gained him political support and he was appointed director of the Soviet Institute of Genetics in 1940. Over the next two decades he dictated the teachings and study of biology in the USSR. He is mainly remembered for his incorrect theory that environmental factors change inherited (genetic) characteristics. Dissenting scientists died in prison. He lost support after Stalin's death and was forced to resign in 1965.
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