John Smeaton (1724-1792), English engineer. Smeaton is considered the father of civil engineering. His early work on mathematical instruments was followed by work on waterwheels. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1753, and was recommended for the job of designing the third Eddystone Lighthouse (left). He was awarded the 1759 Copley Medal by the Royal Society. His other work included canals, harbours and bridges. In 1771, he founded the Society of Civil Engineers, a forerunner of the Institution of Civil Engineers (1818).
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