AIDS virus particles budding from the membrane of their host cell, coloured transmission electron micrograph (TEM). AIDS is a disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, red). The virus attacks CD4+ T-lymphocytes (brown), white blood cells that are a crucial part of the body's immune system. It enters the cell, hijacks the cell's machinery to make more copies of the virus, and the new virus particles then burst from the membrane of the cell, killing it. This severely weakens the immune system, causing AIDS. The disease makes the patient susceptible to diseases that would otherwise be harmless. Magnification: x58,000 when printed 10cm wide.
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