Atherosclerosis. Artwork of a human heart showing narrowing of the coronary arteries due to atherosclerosis, a build up of fatty deposits (atheroma, yellow) on the artery wall. The large red vessel is the aorta, the main artery carrying blood from the heart to the body. Two coronary arteries arise from the aorta and supply the heart muscle with oxygen. The left coronary artery (on the right) divides into the anterior descending and circumflex branches. Coronary artery disease is the most common cause of death in developed countries. The narrowing causes abnormal clotting, which blocks the vessel and starves the heart's muscle of blood, causing a heart attack.
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