Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, gross specimen. The term cardiomyopathy refers to any condition in which the heart muscle is abnormal. Hypertrophy refers to the increase in size of the heart muscle brought about by the enlargement of its cells rather than by cell multiplication (as occurs, for example, in normal growth and tumour formation). The considerable thickening of the muscle walls causes abnormal contractions and rhythms and is a relatively common cause of sudden death. In most cases the condition is inherited. Men and women are effected equally.
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