Facial bruising. View of a teenage girl with facial bruising including a black eye (periorbital bruising). The skin around the eye is very thin and hence easily damaged. Any direct blow can damage the many small blood vessels there, causing the blood to leak and collect in the area. Bruising around the eyes appears darker than an ordinary bruise. To reduce the pain and swelling of a bruise, a cold compress or cloth may be applied to the injured area. Causes of black eyes in children include falls, sports injuries or abuse.
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