Illustration of human back pain, with the devices of modern medicine most commonly applied to treat it. The artwork features someone grasping their lumbar spine in pain, and a scalpel and hypodermic syringe. Conventional methods of relieving a great deal of back pain involve bed rest, the wearing of appliances, drugs or ultimately corrective surgery. The variable success of such methods is one reason for the increase in techniques such as chiropractic medicine, where manipulation is used to treat back & neck pain as well as related systemic problems. For example, persistent, intractable back pain may provoke the formation of a gastric ulcer. First published in Ex Magazine, February 1990.
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