Lower back pain. Conceptual computer artwork of a woman with lower back pain (represented by the red area). Lower back pain, called lumbago, is very common, and is caused by damage to the muscles and tendons surrounding the spine. This can be caused by incorrect lifting of heavy loads. The weight of the upper body is concentrated by the spine at the point where it joins the pelvis. This puts great pressure on the lower back, unless correct posture is maintained and the muscles are sufficiently exercised. Treatment is with rest and sometimes painkilling drugs.
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