Fetal surgery through an open uterus: the uterus has been opened & the fetus wrapped in plastic to maintain temperature & fluid balance, ready for an incision to repair her diaphragmatic hernia. This operation, at the Hopital-Saint-Vincent-De-Paul, France, on 22nd July 1991, was the first successful European attempt at such a technique. The 7-month fetus had a diaphragmatic hernia, a defect that resulted in the contents of her gut protruding into the chest cavity & obstructing lung development. Baby Alexandra was born by Caesarean section on 30th July 1991, at 30 weeks, with no complications & made a good recovery.
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