Polycystic ovary. Laparoscope (endoscope) view inside a woman's abdomen showing a polycystic ovary. At centre right is the ovary (white), grossly enlarged and deformed in shape with grey cystic follicles bulging on its surface. The uterus is seen at upper left (pink) with its two fallopian tubes, one tube leading to the affected ovary. Polycystic disease is also called Stein-Leventhal syndrome. The ovarian follicles enlarge, fill with fluid, and become sterile. Symptoms are a scanty or absent menstruation, obesity, and hirsuitism (excessive hairiness). The cause is an imbalance in pituitary hormone output.
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