Neck and facial nerves. Historical anatomical artwork of the nerves of the human neck and face. This view is from the side and the skin and fat layers have been removed to reveal the muscles (red) and the network of cranial and facial nerves (white) branching out from the brain and spinal cord. The parotid salivary gland of the jaw has also been mostly removed. Most of the nerves seen here originate from the seventh cranial nerve, and innervate facial structures such as the ear, mouth, tongue, salivary glands, facial muscles, and scalp muscles. Artwork from the 19th-century book Atlas of Anatomy, by Bourgery and Jacob. This book, which took over 20 years to complete, was published in France in 8 volumes from 1831 to 1854. It contained 726 colour plates covering both anatomy and surgical techniques.
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