Spinal cord. Artwork taken from Govard Bidloo's Anatomia Humani Corporis (Anatomy of the Human Body), published 1685. The dura mater, or tough outer membrane of the brain and spinal cord, has been dissected to reveal the spinal nerves; the brain is at top. The smaller isolated images at left are sections of spinal cord. At right are sections of nerve, medulla oblongata and choroid plexus, and a view from below of the first thoracic vertebra. Bidloo was a Dutch poet and playwright who also made his name as an anatomist with his exhaustive anatomical atlas with 105 plates.
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