Caricature of Franz Gall, inventor of phrenology

Caricature of Franz Gall, inventor of phrenology

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Credit: JEAN-LOUP CHARMET/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Phrenology. Caricature of Franz Joseph Gall, inventor of the pseudo-science of phrenology, examining 2 patients' heads. In the background are a number of human and animal skulls packed onto shelves. Gall (1758-1828), a German physician, mistakenly believed that the brain contained up to 42 organs. Each of these supposedly controlled a particular mental faculty and would increase in size if often used & affect the overall shape of the skull. The shape of the skull could therefore be used to determine a person's personality & intelligence. French caricature from 1802; the patients are the leaders of Britain and Sweden, both enemies of France at the time.

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Keywords: caricature, franz joseph, gall, head measurement, historical image, history, medical charlatanism, people person persons, phrenology, phrenology caricature, quack treatment, quackery

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