Elephant and camel leg bones, artwork

Elephant and camel leg bones, artwork

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Credit: SHEILA TERRY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Elephant and camel leg bones. Historical artwork of the bones of the foreleg of an African elephant (left) and a camel (right). This comparison shows how anatomical features reflect the lifestyle of an animal. The leg of the elephant is straight, providing a pillar-like structure of thick bones that helps to bear its great weight. By contrast, the leg of the camel is bent at rest. This is so that the animal can spring away quickly from a standing start, without having to bend or flex beforehand to gain power. This is an extremely useful adaptation for an animal that regularly has to flee for its life from predators. This artwork was published in The Hand by Sir Charles Bell, in 1833.

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Keywords: 1800s, 1833, 19th century, anatomical, anatomy, artwork, biological, biology, body, bone, bones, camel, coloured, comparison, difference, differences, different, duo, elephant, false-coloured, fore leg, foreleg, historical, history, illustration, leg, legs, load bearing, pair, two

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