Pituitary gland. Coloured transmission electron micrograph (TEM) of cells in the anterior pituitary gland, a hormone-secreting gland at the base of the brain. The cells' nuclei, which contain their genetic information, are purple. The cell at centre is a somatotroph cell, a secretory cell that has granules (red) containing hormones to be secreted in its cytoplasm (green). Somatotrophs secrete human growth hormone, which promotes growth and controls numerous metabolic processes.
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