Theodolite, Beijing, China

Theodolite, Beijing, China

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Credit: ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Azimuth theodolite at the Imperial Astronomical Observatory, Beijing (Peking), China. This observatory was built during the Ming Dynasty (1442) to facilitate both astronomical purposes and seafaring navigation. It was then refitted in the late 17th century by the Jesuits under the supervision of Ferdinand Verbiest (1623-1688). Later, in 1715, this theodolite was designed by German Jesuit Kilian Stumpf (1655-1720) for measuring the azimuth (horizontal) coordinates of celestial bodies.

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Keywords: 1700s, 1715, 18th century, asia, asian, astronomical, astronomy, azimuth, azimuthal, beijing, beijing ancient observatory, black-and-white, bodies, celestial, china, chinese, coordinates, dynasty, equipment, historical, history, history of, history of science, horizontal, imperial astronomical, imperial observatory, instrument, jesuit, jesuits, kilian stumpf, measurement, measuring, mediaeval, middle ages, ming, monochrome, observatory, peking, peking ancient observatory, quadrant, technological, technology, theodolite

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