Supernova explosion

Supernova explosion

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This image is part of the feature When Stars Explode
This image is part of the sequence Space: Supernova explosion
This image is part of the feature Universe In A Box


Caption: Supernova explosion. Image 2 of 4. Supercomputer simulation showing a supernova explosion of a 15- solar-mass star 0.15 seconds after core collapse. Supernovae occur when a massive star has run out of nuclear fuel and its core collapses to form a neutron star. The collapsed core triggers a shock wave that powers the supernova explosion. This simulation shows bubbles of hot, buoyant gas (light brown), 500 kilometres in diameter, that envelope the neutron star (unseen). In-falling cold gas bubbles are heated by neutrinos at the core. The heated gas rises and mixes with more in- falling cold gas resulting in turbulence. It is thought that neutrino-driven convection energy accompanies the shock wave to power the supernova explosion. Simulation created at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Germany. (For complete sequence, see images: R730/094 - R730/097).

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Keywords: 3-d simulation, artwork, astronomical, astronomy, astrophysical, astrophysics, computer artwork, cosmology, expanding, exploding, explosion, gas, gas expansion, illustration, max planck institute, neutron star, physical, physics, science, space, star, star death, stellar, stellar death, supercomputer, supercomputer simulation, supernova, three dimensional

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