Supernova explosion

Supernova explosion

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Caption: Supernova explosion. Image 1 of 4. Supercomputer simulation showing a supernova explosion 50 milliseconds (thousandths of a second) after core collapse. Supernovae occur when a massive star has run out of nuclear fuel and its core collapses to form a neutron star. The collapsed core triggers a shock wave that powers the supernova explosion. This simulation shows the entropy (amount of disorder within a thermodynamic system) of matter (light areas) that is rising due to heating by neutrinos at the core (unseen). The heated matter rises and mixes with in-falling cold matter (dark areas) resulting in turbulence. It is thought that neutrino-driven convection energy accompanies the shock wave to power the supernova explosion. Simulation created at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Germany. For a complete sequence, see images: R730/098 - R730/101.

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Keywords: 3-d simulation, artwork, astronomical, astronomy, astrophysical, astrophysics, computer artwork, cosmology, expanding, exploding, explosion, gas, gas expansion, illustration, max planck institute, neutron star, physical, physics, science, space, star, star death, stellar, stellar death, supercomputer, supercomputer simulation, supernova, three dimensional

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