Ptolemaic cosmology

Ptolemaic cosmology

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Credit: SHEILA TERRY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Ptolemaic cosmology. Historical artwork of the Earth-centred (geocentric) Ptolemaic cosmological model. This system is known through the Almagest of the Egyptian-Greek astronomer Ptolemy who lived in the 2nd century. This work summarized 500 years of Greek astronomy and this model of the heavens owes much to work by Hipparchus. The Moon, the Sun and the five known planets inhabited a series of perfect, Earth-centred, rotating spheres, ending in a sphere of stars. Later astronomers added more spheres to improve the model. However, inaccurate predictions led to it being overthrown by the 1543 Sun-centred (heliocentric) model of Copernicus. From Bilder Atlas by Johann Georg Heck, 1860.

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Keywords: 19th century, aristotelian, artwork, astronomical, astronomy, bilder atlas, black-and-white, celestial spheres, circle, circles, circular, concentric, cosmological, cosmology, diagram, earth, encyclopedia, geocentric, german, hipparchus, historical, history of science, illustration, johann georg heck, jupiter, mars, mercury, model, moon, orbit, orbiting, orbits, planet, planets, ptolemaic, ptolemy, ring, rings, saturn, solar system, sphere, stars, sun, system, venus

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