Historical cosmologies

Historical cosmologies

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Credit: SHEILA TERRY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Historical cosmologies. Historical artwork of the various historical cosmological models proposed to explain planetary movements. The main diagram is a heliocentric (Sun-centred) model of the then six known planets, their satellites and other heavenly bodies orbiting the Sun. From the 2nd century the dominant model had been the geocentric (Earth- centred) Ptolemaic system (upper left). This was overthrown by the heliocentric Copernican model of 1543 (lower right). An Egyptian model (lower left) and Tychonic model (upper right) attempted to keep a stationary Earth at the centre of the universe. Details of planetary orbits are at left and right. From Bilder Atlas by Johann Georg Heck, 1860.

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Keywords: 19th century, aristotelian, artwork, asteroid, asteroids, astronomical, astronomy, bilder atlas, circular, concentric, copernican, copernicus, cosmological, cosmologies, cosmology, diagram, diagrams, distances, earth, ecliptic inclination, egyptian, encyclopedia, geocentric, german, heliocentric, historical, history of science, illustration, johann georg heck, model, models, orbit, orbital period, orbiting, orbits, planet, planets, ptolemaic, ptolemy, solar system, sun, systems, tycho brahe, tychonic

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