The Ursine Rose. Title page of Rosa Ursina sive Sol (1630, The Ursine Rose), by the German Jesuit astronomer Christoph Scheiner (1573-1650). Schiener, who observed sunspots in 1611 and subsequently disputed priority for the discovery with Galileo, published his work in this book, for many years the standard work on sunspots. The bears (bottom), and the book's title, represent the Duke of Orsini, Scheiner's patron, whose full name and title (Paulum Jordanum II, Duke of Orsini and Bracciani) is above the artwork. The Latin text mentions sunspots ("Macularum") and Scheiner's status as a German Jesuit.
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