Lussac's hydro-lighter, 19th century

Lussac's hydro-lighter, 19th century

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Credit: CCI ARCHIVES/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Lussac's hydro-lighter. 19th century artwork of the hydro-lighter invented by the French chemist and physicist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac (1778-1850). Gay-Lussac carried out work on alcohol-water mixtures, and also on the combustion of hydrogen and oxygen to produce water. Here, the jar contains a volatile fuel that produces a flammable gas in the space above the liquid. The ignition switch has been pressed (upper left) to produce a flame (upper right). A safety valve is seen to the left of the flame. Modern cigarette lighters are based on a similar design. Artwork taken from Grands Hommes et Grands Faits de l'Industrie (Great Men and Great Facts of Industry), France, circa 1880.

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Keywords: 1800s, 1823, 19th century, apparatus, artwork, black-and-white, caucasian, chemical, chemistry, device, equipment, europe, european, flame, flammable, france, french, fuel, gay lussac, historical, history, history of science, igniting, illustration, invention, lighter, lighting, monochrome, switch, technological, technology, white

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