Density in a Bose-Einstein Condensate

Density in a Bose-Einstein Condensate

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This image is part of the feature 100 Years Of Einstein
This image is part of the feature Top 50 Science
This image is part of the feature A New State Of Matter

Credit: NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY (NIST)/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Bose-Einstein Condensate: a new state of matter. Graph of the density of low-velocity rubidium atoms forming a Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC). The blue and white peak shows the BEC, a cloud of a few thousand atoms some 10 microns (millionths of a metre) across. A cloud of rubidium atoms was confined by a laser trap system, then cooled to 180 nK (nanoKelvin, billionths of a degree above absolute zero). At this temperature, atoms move so slowly that the quantum wave function for each one 'spreads out' until all the atoms are in the same quantum state. This first BEC was created at the NIST and University of Colorado on 5 June 1995.

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Keywords: 3d graph, atoms, bec, bose-einstein condensate, macroscopic, matter, mechanics, physics, quantum state, quantum theory, state of, state of matter, three dimensional

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