Polar bear, Belgrade Zoo, Serbia

Polar bear, Belgrade Zoo, Serbia

Z927/0152 Rights Managed

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Credit: ROBERT BROOK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Polar bear, Belgrade Zoo, Serbia. On 24 March 1999, NATO launched air strikes against the former Yugoslavia in an attempt to force President Slobodan Milosevic to withdraw forces from Kosovo. The bombing continued until 10 June 1999. The plight of the animals at Belgrade Zoo was reported by American broadcaster CNN. Some of the animals were so traumatised that they resorted to self- mutilation and pregnant females aborted their young. The lack of investment has meant that these traumatised animals continue to be housed in small enclosures, the stress of which has led to repetitive behaviour, for example pacing (seen here). Photographed in October 2003.

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Keywords: air strikes, animal, animal behaviour, bear, belgrade zoo, biological, biology, cage, caged, cnn, communism, communist, confined, damaged, disturbed, disturbing, eastern europe, eastern european, fauna, former yugoslavia, mammal, nato, nature, october 2003, pacing, polar bear, psychological, psychology, repetitive movements, serbia, serbian, stressed, trapped, traumatised, under-investment, upset, ursus maritimus, wildlife, yugoslavian, zoological, zoology

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