Red deer calf (Cervus elaphus) standing in grass. Red deer usually have a single calf in late May or early June after a gestation period of 7 months. Calves are born with spots, which fade after 2 months. Calves are mobile after a couple of weeks, but stay within 10 metres of their mother for the first 9 months. Calves remain with their mother for 1 to 2 years before splitting, but even then a hind calve's range will overlap its mothers. The red deer is Britain's largest native mammal, with males growing to heights of 1.5 metres to the shoulder. They inhabit woodland and moorland, feeding on grass, but will also eat heather and small shrubs when grass is scarce.
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