Credit: ANIMATE4.COM/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Animation of ionic bonding in sodium chloride. Atoms are shown with their chemical symbol centrally, surrounded by electrons in their first, second and third energy levels. Sodium (Na) has one electron in its outer shell, which is easily removed. Chlorine (Cl) has seven electrons in its outer shell, one short of a full eight, which is more stable. It is energetically favourable for chlorine to accept sodium's outer electron, forming two ions with full outer shells. The positive sodium ion (Na+) and the negative chlorine (Cl-) then attract each other electrostatically, forming an ionic bond.

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Keywords: animated, animation, attraction, bond, bonding, chemical, chemistry, chlorine, cl, clear, compound, demonstrating, demonstration, education, electron, electrons, energy level, gcse, halogen, ion, ionic, ions, levels, metal, model, modeling, modelling, na, negative, orbitals, outer shell, positive, reacting, reaction, salt, shells, simple, sodium chloride, table

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Ionic bonding in sodium chloride

K002/8667 Rights Managed

Downloadable master

Duration: 00:00:08.07

Frame size: 1920x1080

Frame rate: 24

Audio: No

Format: QuickTime, Photo JPEG 100%, progressive scan, square pixels

File size: 165.9M

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Capture format: QuickTime Animation

Codec: Photo - JPEG

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