Credit: ANIMATE4.COM/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: Animation of the formation of a covalent bond between two chlorine (Cl) atoms. Each chlorine atom has seven electrons (black spheres) in its outer shell. Atoms are most stable when they have eight electrons (four pairs) in the outer shell. Two chlorine atoms can achieve this state by sharing their unpaired electrons (purple), which lowers the energy of the system (grey outward flash). This forms the stable chlorine molecule Cl2.

Release details: Model release not required. Property release not required.

Keywords: animated, animation, atom, atoms, bond, bonding, chemical, chemistry, chlorine, compound, compounds, covalent, demonstrating, demostration, diatomic, education, educational, electron, electronegative, electronegativity, electrons, gcse, halogen, nuclei, nucleus, pair, reacting, reaction, school, share, shared, sharing, unpaired

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Covalent bonding in chlorine

K002/8684 Rights Managed

Downloadable master

Duration: 00:00:08.08

Frame size: 1920x1080

Frame rate: 24

Audio: No

Format: QuickTime, Photo JPEG 100%, progressive scan, square pixels

File size: 175.2M

Original

Capture format: QuickTime Animation

Codec: Photo - JPEG

Please contact Science Photo Library if you require the original, or other formats.

 

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