Caption: Animation of the formation of a covalent bond between two chlorine (Cl) atoms. Each chlorine atom has seven electrons (red spheres) in its outer shell. Atoms are most stable when they have eight electrons (four pairs) in the outer shell. Two chlorine atoms can achieve this state by sharing their unpaired electrons (green), which lowers the energy of the system (grey outward flash). This forms the stable chlorine molecule Cl2.

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Keywords: animated, animation, atom, atoms, bond, bonding, chemical, chemistry, chlorine, compound, compounds, covalent, demonstrating, demostration, diatomic, education, educational, electron, electronegative, electronegativity, electrons, gcse, halogen, nuclei, nucleus, pair, reacting, reaction, school, share, shared, sharing, unpaired

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Covalent bonding in chlorine

K002/8685 Rights Managed

Downloadable master

Duration: 00:00:06.11

Frame size: 1920x1080

Frame rate: 24

Audio: No

Format: QuickTime, Photo JPEG 100%, progressive scan, square pixels

File size: 128.8M


Capture format: QuickTime Animation

Codec: Photo - JPEG

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