The London Steam Carriage 1803

The London Steam Carriage 1803

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Credit: SHEILA TERRY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Caption: This was designed by Richard Trevethick and Andrew Vivian. The parts for the vehicle were made in Falmouth and assembled at Felton's Carriage Works, London. The single horizontal cylinder engine, boiler and firebox were placed behind the rear axle.The motion of the piston was transmitted to a separate crankshaft via the forked piston rod.The crankshaft drove the axle of the driving wheel via a spur gear. The carriage had 8 ft diameter driving wheels intended to smooth out the road and mimimise the chaces of the fire being extinguished by shaking. The Steam Carrige was first driven for about 10 miles, to Paddington and back through Islington,. It carried 7 or 8 passengers and travelled beteen 4 and 9 mph.On a later journey the carrige crashed into some house railings. This together with lack of commercial interest and a shortage of money led to the project being scrapped.

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Keywords: 1803, andrew vivian, early steam carriage, england, english, falmouth, felton's carriage works, history of science, history of technology, london, london steam carriage, richard trevethick, science, technology, trevethick, vivian

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