Caption: Clidemia hirta. Medicinal plant ( stomach ) Madagascar Koster’s curse soap bush This noxious weedy shrub grows up to 2 m tall in pastures and forest. It is an aggressive invader which shades out all vegetation below it (Wester and Wood 1977). The seeds are principally dispersed by alien frugivorous birds but any organism moving through the thickets will carry seeds away with it. It is probably not resistant to fire an unlikely event in its habitat but it rapidly colonizes burned areas. This plant is a serious pest in mesic and wet environments on Hawaii. (Smith 1985).
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