Seedhead of Chinese woad

Seedhead of Chinese woad

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Caption: Part of a mature seed-bearing raceme of Chinese Woad, Isatis indigotica, a member of the Cruciferae ( cabbage ) family. Woad ( in Europe, I. tinctoria ) has been a source of blue dye for thousands of years. Traditionally, the dye was made by soaking chopped up plant material to soften the tissue, then fermenting the mass in vats, followed by treatment with urine. This produces the soluble form of the dye - “white indigo”. Cotton, wool and silk treated with white indigo in solution turn blue on exposure to air. The most familiar use of indigo today is to dye denim for jeans. Due to the polluting nature of chemical synthesis of indigo, the use of Isatis spp. to produce the dye is increasing.

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Keywords: chinese woad, cruciferae, denim jeans, dye, indigo, isatis indigotica, isatis tinctoria, woad

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